teams is a "way of life" in the modern food industry -- as a means of being more
effective in a competitive world. Students in FST 3750 have the opportunity to gain
experience in working and teams and learning how to make them effective.
A good team has diversity of backgrounds, providing an opportunity to utilize
the particular strengths of each individual to permit the team to achieve what can not be
achieved by a single individual working along. For the team to be successful, it is
essential that each student contribute to the overall effort of the group. Each individual has to work to make
a good team.
In this course the membership of the teams will be decided by the instructor on
the basis of the background of the students -- to insure diversity.
The success of a team is frequently secured through the organizing ability of
the team leader. In FST 401 for the manufacture of the food products (3 projects), the
group will appoint a different team leader for each project. The leader, with concurrence
of the team members will group divide the responsibilities for each project -- using the
particular background of each individual. [For example - one person might take primary
responsible for planning, another take major responsibility for organizing processing and
a third lead the work on product evaluation. All team members should review the project
report before it is submitted.]
MAKING TEAMS EFFECTIVE
Effective teams just do not happen, it takes real effort of both the team
leader and the members of the team. For most of the students, working in a team is a new
experience. It can be frustrating, especially in the beginning, as the student learns how
to be effective in the group setting. The following are some suggestions for making the
team an effective and satisfying experience.
Working together to a common goal:
- Remember that each member of the team has something of value to contribute.
- Each member of the team is an individual -- to be more effective get to know
each other's strengths and weaknesses and special capabilities.
- As a member of a group, you have to be willing to share the
"ownership" of your concepts with others of the group.
- The diversity of the team may be frustrating at first, but it one of the
greatest strength of working in a group
- Be respectful of each member's feelings, thoughts and ideas
- Don't just complain about problems; see what can be done about them. Discuss as
a group about how to solve the problems that will arise. If all else fails, seek an
arbitrator before the problem gets out of hand and interferes with your final grade
Rules for Operation of the Team:
Be problems arise, develop a set of rules to live by. It will be helpful to
decide this as a group during the first laboratory and to put it in writing. Some
questions to answer include -- How will you handle:
- Members not being on time?
- People who don't show up?
- Conflict - without hurting feelings?
- Bossy people?
- Shy people?
- People to talk too much?
- People whom never talk?
- People who don't carry out assignments on time?
- What role do you want the instructor to play?
Organizing you team operations:
- Allow plenty of time for group effort -- getting started with a group is more
time consuming than doing it alone.
- Withhold judgment about ideas until all information is available
- Be flexible
- Let the team leader for each project lead
- Be specific and fair about assignments -- try to use individual strengths and
- Be specific about deadlines for planning, operations and report preparation --
consider a written schedule
When it Comes Time to Prepare the Team Report:
The report is the finished article of several weeks' work and will be used to
assess the performance of the team in respect to the laboratory exercise.
It is up to the team to determine how to prepare the report. You might want one
person to write up the report; or different people may want to work on different parts of
it and bring it together for editing.
Remember that that whoever writes the report, the grade on the report is the
grade for the entire team. All team members should take time to look at the report before
turning it in.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON MAKING TEAMS WORK
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